Professor Chris Exley, Aluminum toxicity, Trust in science, Alzheimer’s, Autism, Imagine You Are An Aluminum Atom: Discussions With Mr. Aluminum, Chris Hoar, Satellite phone technology, Emergency preparedness, Off Grid communications, Grid-down scenarios and MORE!

January 23rd, 2022 1-3PM ET

Sunday on The Robert Scott Bell Show:

Hour 1 – Special Guest – Professor Chris Exley

Chris Exley graduated from Stirling in 1985 with a 2i Honours degree in Biology. It was during the 4th and final year of my degree that I undertook my first research on aluminium. The title of my undergraduate thesis was: “Aluminium toxicity to Atlantic salmon smolts, Salmo salar, and juvenile rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri, in acid waters”. I remained at Stirling to undertake a PhD in the Institute of Aquaculture, funded by ICI and supervised by Professor JD Birchall OBE FRS (ICI). The title of my PhD is: “Amelioration of aluminium toxicity in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., with particular reference to aluminium/silicon interactions”.
I followed my PhD with a 3 year ICI postdoctoral fellowship in the Institute of Aquaculture (1989-1992) before moving to Keele University in the summer of 1992 as an ICI Research Fellow (1992-1994) to help JD Birchall establish The Unit of Inorganic Chemistry and Materials Science in the Department of Chemistry. In 1994 I was awarded a Royal Society University Research Fellowship in “The Bioinorganic Chemistry of Aluminium and Silicon”.
The measurement and full statistical analysis including Bayesian methods of the aluminium content of infant vaccines  Aluminium salts are the adjuvants of choice in the majority of inactivated paediatric vaccines. Their presence at injection sites following vaccination results in the activation of humoral immunity. This pathway is characterised by the differentiation of naive CD4+ T cells into Th2 effector subsets and the subsequent enhancement of antigen-specific antibody titres . T cell priming post-vaccination occurs following the cross-presentation of antigen-MHC complexes by immunocompetent phagocytes and occurs exclusively within draining lymph nodes [6] at locations often distant from the injection site. Aluminium adjuvants have been shown to facilitate this process by; i) actively increasing levels of antigen recognition and uptake by antigen-presenting cells, ii) acting in a protective capacity to prevent antigen degradation within intracellular compartments and (iii) amplifying and sustaining antigen-MHC II expression by antigen-presenting cells. Other suggested mechanisms underlying the immunostimulatory effects of aluminium adjuvants include the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines by activated antigen-presenting cells and the formation of an ‘antigen depot’ at the vaccine injection site. While the latter is regarded by some as superfluous to the mechanism of action of aluminium adjuvants, recent evidence has demonstrated that extracellular traps formed by neutrophils following immunization make a significant contribution to their immunological activity in vivo. However, the modus operandi of aluminium adjuvants remains to be fully elucidated

The role of aluminum adjuvants in vaccines raises issues that deserve independent, rigorous and honest science In their recent review on aluminum and vaccines, JP Goullé & L Grangeot-Keros described general knowledge on aluminum (Al) exposure, kinetics and toxicity but made very little effort to delineate the scientific questions specifically related to Al adjuvants in vaccines. Instead of representing the bulk of their review, the subject of Al adjuvants covered no more than one third of the 3 page-text. Numerous important papers on the topic were omitted, i.e. 20 years of scientific publications in clinical, post-mortem, in vitro and in vivo experimental studies published by independent research teams, worldwide experts in this topic were simply omitted. For instance, in 2018, a critical analysis of reference studies on Al adjuvant toxicokinetics revealed their extreme paucity, several major methodological weaknesses, and profound misconception of the fate of injected Al adjuvants. The Goullé and Grangeot-Keros review suffers from the same fundamental misunderstanding of the question. Specialized Al toxicologists have now recognized that comparing toxicological properties of different forms of Al (soluble vs particulate) administered by different routes (oral vs intramuscular (im) or intravenous) is incorrect. In the case of Al adjuvants such comparisons are misleading and therefore inadmissible [2]. Goullé and Grangeot-Keros stated that, similarly to lead for instance, “only biologically measurable excessive levels of aluminium in the organism can be potentially toxic”. Such a sweeping statement of classical toxicology may be in line with the “dose makes the poison” paradigm but does not correspond to the true situation when, for example, i) particulate forms of metals are considered; ii) specific intracellular capture is involved. Moreover Al in vaccines do not represent low doses, especially for babies.


Imagine You Are An Aluminum Atom: Discussions With Mr. Aluminum

Professor Christopher Exley is a firm believer that science is only useful when it is properly communicated. Scientific papers are difficult vehicles for the wider communication of science and thus he has always endeavored to tell the story of his scientific research as widely as possible through myriad blogs, presentations, and interviews. Through a series of easy-reading entries written for non-scientists, Exley will educate readers about his lifelong scientific passion: aluminum. In scientific circles, aluminum—in relation to human health specifically—has gone the way of the dinosaurs (though, unlike dinosaurs, there has not yet been a popular revival!). Yet aluminum is also the greatest untold story of science.

But why do we all need to know a little bit more about aluminum? Do we need a self-help guide for living in what Exley has coined “The Aluminum Age”? What is it about aluminum that makes it different? What about iron, copper, or any of the so-called “heavy metals,” like mercury, cadmium, or lead? Why must we pay particular attention to aluminum? Because its bio-geochemistry, its natural history, raises two red flags immediately and simultaneously.

These two danger signals are easily missed by all of us and easily dismissed by those whose interests are conflicted by aluminum’s omnipresence in human life and consequently, are purposely blind to its danger signals. First, aluminum, in all of its myriad forms, is super abundant; it is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon) of the Earth’s crust. Second, aluminum is super reactive; it is both chemically and biologically reactive. However, these two red flags identify a paradox, as the abundant and biologically reactive aluminum has no biological function either in any organism today nor in any extinct biota from the evolutionary past. This means in practical terms that when we encounter aluminum in our everyday lives, our bodies only see aluminum as an impostor, something foreign, and something for which we have not been prepared through biochemical evolution. This in turn means that all of our encounters with aluminium are adventitious, random, and chaotic. And potentially dangerous.

Imagine You Are An Aluminum Atom: Discussions With “Mr. Aluminum” examines the science of aluminum and human health and makes them understandable to all. Within the science you will find personal recollections of events, as well as opinions and reflections upon how the politics of aluminum have influenced and interfered with doing and reporting the science. It is at once both a personal recollection of Exley’s life in aluminum research and a guide on the dangers of the constant exposure to aluminum we as humans face during this “Aluminum Age.” It will inform, it will provide the means to question the science, and it will, if the reader is prepared to participate, answer those frequently asked questions on aluminum and human health.


Hour 2 Special Guest – Chris Hoar

The Health Ranger talks about satphones and emergency satellite text messaging with Chris Hoar The Health Ranger Mike Adams has been an advocate of satellite phones (satphones) for a long time now. This means of communication became the topic of the Dec. 14 episode of the “Health Ranger Report” on Brighteon.TV featuring Chris Hoar. Adams’ guest serves as the marketing director of Galileyo.com, an information distribution platform for satphones. The platform’s subscribers can receive updates from the Health Ranger, Steve Quayle, Doug Hagmann, Alex Jones and other conservative influencers. “Galileyo is a communications platform that utilizes the satellite phone networks. What we’ve done is [that] we’ve created a platform that can deliver messages to your satphone from the influencers that you follow today and the people you trust to get your news from,” Hoar explained. “You can stay in touch with your financial life by checking out stock prices, crypto prices and bond prices. We send you weather alerts, news and information from all of your favorite and trusted providers. This is the only way you can get information when you have a blackout or a situation like that.” Adams emphasized the importance of satphones in an emergency situation. “I’ve given satphones to my family members and my key business people who are located in other countries. I’ve actually had satphones shipped to them. This is how I’m going to communicate with my own people, my own staff in an emergency as well. [For] all the people who want to receive my alerts, it’s [going to] be the same alerts for everybody,” he said. (Related: Prepper essentials: SHTF emergency communication plans for your family.)




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